Assessment of karst springs in order to involve unclaimed water sources for water supply of settlements in the transboundary areas of the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan, 2021 -2022
In 2021 – 2022, under the auspices of UNESCO, specialists from the Geological Society are assessing water resources in the transboundary areas of the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan. Application of innovative technologies for Kyrgyzstan for the water supply of the Samarkandyk village and other settlements. The idea is to use karst sources in the transboundary region of the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan.
The Batken region in the south of Kyrgyzstan has very low water resources, not to mention the exploitable reserves of fresh groundwater deposits. A similar situation has developed with waters that can be used for irrigation of agricultural areas. While the lands of Batken have good enough qualities to grow three crops a year here. In addition, local lands are favorable for growing apricot and other orchards here, which has a particularly beneficial effect on the well-being of the local population and the sustainable development of the region.
Water solves all problems – it reduces interethnic conflicts in the region, ensures sustainable social development, improves the economic condition of the region and, most importantly, has a beneficial effect on the health of the local population.
It is proposed to use the springs of karst genesis, the discharge of which occurs in the depressions of intermountain valleys and the bases of the slopes of limestone massifs. Purpose: management and rational use of natural water sources with karst genesis.
In conditions of water shortage, the local population of the Batken region will have to use only drip or hole irrigation. In the conditions of the hot Batken region with a greater share of plant transpiration, the irrigation rate requires special calculations by specialists.
Involvement of additional water sources for drinking water supply will improve the situation with water scarcity. New water sources that were not previously used, due to their genesis, are cleaner for drinking.
We propose to use new non-traditional water sources for Kyrgyzstan, which were not previously used properly or are used in a non-engineering way.
In 2021, our specialists carried out a preliminary assessment of water resources, investigated potential sources for water supply and irrigation.
As a result of the research, we found that the most promising for drinking water supply are karst waters, which are confined to the Paleozoic mountain ranges.
Karst springs drain in the desert and disappear into the ground. The idea is to use these volumes of water for water supply.